Instruction for References

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. The accuracy of references is the responsibility of the author.

Number each reference consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in the text by Arabic numerals in superscript. If more than one reference, separate them by a comma (example: 3,4) or a dash if a sequence (example 5-7). References should be formatted according to the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( Abbreviate the names of journals in accordance with MedLine. List the names of the first six authors in reference-list entries before adding ‘et al.’

References should be formatted as follows:

Journal Article

Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.


Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

Book chapter

Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw- Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.


Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

Website [Internet]. New York: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2012 May 16; cited 2012 Jul 9]. Available from:

For more about citing published, unpublished and electronic references see